The definition of art
There are as many proposed definitions for art as there are artists and art-lovers in the world, but I can’t help but feel that they all refer to the one core meaning. To my mind, art is always about causing change—big or small, personal or global. That’s its value, its reason, its purpose, and its complete definition.
Of course, not everyone agrees with me. Here are some other definitions of art and why I think they all point back to revolution.
1. Art is a profound human exercise or experience.
I agree, but what makes the exercise or experience “profound” besides its ability to cause some kind of revolution?
2. Art is a reflection of what it is to be a human.
And what is it to be human if not to be changing and growing at every moment?
3. Art is about appreciating what is already there but has somehow been overlooked in our everyday busy-ness.
So, in other words, art causes a paradigm shift? That qualifies as change in my book.
4. Art is an attempt to manifest or make material the profundity of simple human gestures, like crossing one’s legs or frowning in concentration.
Please refer to definition and argument #3.
5. Art is meant to provide recreation or therapy for the artist.
This means that art gives the artist something to do, which is a change from having nothing to do or from doing something else. And the goal of therapy is a change in how one sees oneself, isn’t it?
6. Art allows the artist to enjoy the satisfaction of creating something.
This is related to definition #5. They’re both very artist-centric and unfortunate* ways of looking at art. But, again, there’s a state change from unsatisfied to satisfied, so it’s still about revolution (albeit a rather self-absorbed kind).
7. Art is for relaxation.
This definition implies that the artist wasn’t relaxed before she-he started making the work or that the audience wasn’t relaxed before viewing the piece. Going from not relaxed to relaxed is a state change.
8. Art is for spreading information.
Yes, art is a medium—a go-between—but this doesn’t explain why the artist chooses to communicate (through art or through any other means), or why the audience agrees to engage with the work and receive that information. I would argue that the artist is trying to create a change for the viewer by giving them certain information, and the viewer looks at art because she-we wants that change.
9. Art is meant to educate.
Please refer to definition #8: spreading information is educating. Learning new things always causes paradigm shifts.
10. Art helps to convey the artist’s feelings to others.
Please refer to definition #8: emotions are just one kind of information.
11. Art is meant to delight or to amuse.
Helping the viewer (or even the artist) go from being neutral or annoyed to being happy is changing her-his state.
12. Art should be sexy or make the artist sexy.
The audience is more likely to engage with a sexy object or person and, therefore, to be changed by the work that has sexiness associated with it.
13. Art makes special.
This is one of my favorite definitions of art, but I still don’t think it’s the root meaning of art. It comes from the anthropologist Ellen Dissanayake’s book Homo Aestheticus. It’s a two-pronged definition:
a) Art celebrates the importance of its subject. It makes the subject special since the subject is worthy of being made into art.
b) The decoration or fine-crafting of an everyday object is art in that the artifact is now marked as special in the extra care that has gone into its creation.
Both of these kinds of “making special” also happen to be revolutions, of sorts. If human (a), the subject that is “made special” in art feels special, and, if inanimate (b), the decorated object is reconceived by the audience, a version of definition #3. The revolution associated with the well-made object is of the most profound kind: it’s the difference between using an ugly functional thing and a beautiful one.
14. Art will NEVER be about causing change. The “artist as social critic” concept failed in 1937, when Picasso painted Guernica. Neither Guernica nor a million Guernica-like paintings have ever even slowed down a war for a second, let alone stopped one.
Okay, so maybe the revolutions that art can cause are not far-reaching. Maybe art can only function in the small picture. But is it really so wrong to try to make art that could effect more universal change?
15. Art is SUBJECTIVE. Please calm down.
I’m glad I get excited about things like what I see as the over-arching definition of art. And, I agree, art is subjective: it’s subjectively causing change! Art always makes revolution, but each person can word the definition whichever way she-he sees fit.
What’s your preferred way of talking about revolution?
*Art isn’t really art until it’s seen by an audience. Defining art based solely on what the artist gets out of it is incomplete and self-important way of looking at things.